Health and education are fundamental components of well-being. Understanding the relationship between education and health requires new conceptualizations that incorporate social context, structure, and rich data sources. As health disparities across the world become more pronounced, new directions for research on the health returns of education are needed. Policy makers should consider the dual role of education in health and well-being when making decisions about public policy. Here are some lessons we can learn from John Dewey’s philosophy.
Lessons learned from the philosophy of John Dewey
The American educational philosopher John Dewey was an influential figure during the first half of the twentieth century. His theories about education had an international reach and influenced the field of growing science. His theories about education still resonate today, as they encourage student participation and personal interest in class lessons. In essence, they aim to create lifelong learners. For this reason, John Dewey’s philosophy has a wide relevance and appeal.
The first lesson that we can learn from the philosophy of John Dewey is that we cannot base empirical science on unquestioned metaphysical posits. We must also be open to redefining basic terms, because analytical methods are insufficient to explain psychological phenomena. This lesson is particularly important in understanding perception, as Dewey attacked the prevalent notion that perception is passively received. In his philosophy, perception can be viewed as a complex and dynamic process.
Humanistic approaches to education
The emphasis on personal values and choice in education is a key element of humanistic approaches. Humanistic educators begin by recognizing that humans have a natural propensity to learn. According to Carl Rogers, significant learning takes place when subject matter is personal and involves active participation and cognition. Teachers who employ humanistic approaches to education encourage students to find their passions and interests. These factors are important in ensuring that students become motivated and engaged in their studies.
In contrast, behaviourists focus on teaching students to learn by memorising facts and answering questions. Humanistic educators believe that grades are meaningless and that only self-evaluation provides meaningful feedback. Hence, they strongly oppose objective tests that measure the student’s memorization skills and do not offer adequate feedback. These educators focus on the development of a child’s self-concept, instead of focusing on academic performance.
Problems with traditional schooling
While many critics point to a number of problems with traditional schooling, it’s really a combination of several factors. Children with emotional and behavioral problems tend to do poorly in traditional schooling, and students may not be able to learn as effectively as others. Children who learn best in small groups or by themselves may find it difficult to cope with the large-classroom environment. Likewise, children who learn visually may not be able to understand a lecture-style teaching style.
In traditional schools, extracurricular activities are important. These activities provide a platform for students to develop skills that may prove useful later on in life. They can engage in debates, sports, or even music. Online schooling makes these activities almost impossible. Traditional schooling also has a grading system that does not reflect industry standards and is often driven by the fear of examinations. It’s no wonder that students can’t learn to engage in self-discipline in a virtual environment.
Alternative schooling models
The Alternative Programs Guide provides guidance and a common language to create and implement successful alternative programs. Students in at-risk groups are often under-represented in traditional schooling. These students may be pregnant or parenting, expelled or suspended, court-involved, or unable to meet local promotional requirements. Alternative schooling can be an effective solution for these students. However, the alternative schooling models differ from traditional schooling in several ways.
In the United States, a total of 64% of public school districts offer some form of alternative education. This includes on-site programs and separate schools. However, each district must choose a specific model based on their unique student population and needs. The advantages of each model will depend on the particular characteristics of the students, but they will have a wide range of benefits. If you’re interested in creating a new program in your district, consider the following points.